Thoseconducted the routine business of government and put importantdecisions to the assembly which comprised all male citizens, whichalso elected the council members.
In other words, the Council was responsible for the smooth running of the daily operations of the Athenian city-state. Aeschines recounts how on one occasion some men assaulted a man named Pittalacus. It can serve to illustrate the workings of the Councilbut should not be taken as indicative of the proper way to present and read an inscription.
The Council scrutinized the qualifications of officials and the allocation of funds. An excellent short discussion of Sparta's land reform is provided in Paul Cartledge's Sparta and Laconia: Down tothe year of his death, he rewarded dispossessed peasants with land confiscated from wealthier families.
Because the tribes had common religious activities and fought as regimental units, the new organization would also increase devotion to the polis and diminish regional division.
Host a brief quiz based on popular representations and misrepresentations of ancient Greece, asking such questions as: Every year Council members and Guards were chosen by lot from the villages of the Athenian polis.
Over time, the kings became mere figureheads except in their capacity as generals. Cultural achievements and legacy Art, architecture, drama and literature, philosophy, science, medicine, etc.
Two jointly ruling hereditary monarchs from different families held restricted and mostly ceremonial functions throughout Sparta's history as an independent state — very much as the English monarchy functions today.
He also passed constitutional reforms that divided Athenian subjects into four classes based on their annual agricultural production rather than birth. This lifestyle was praised by Xenophonan ancient historian c. Initially they appear to have been little more than clerks, but at the time of Chilon mid-6th century they acquired more power and prestige.
It was so named from the "hill" on which they met. At an Assembly held on the 11th day of the first prytany, the people voted on whether or not to hold an review of all the laws Dem. In each prytany, there were three regular assemblies in addition to the Sovereign Assembly ; these were simply called Assemblies Aristot.
By the second half of the 5th century BC, wealth had become concentrated in the hands of fewer and fewer families. When was the war of Athens and Sparta?
On this one inscription we see the whole legislative process. Finally, the citizen boys entered a military training camp for two years, until the age of twenty.
Two kings who were generals in command of the armies and with some religious duties. Dual Kingship[ edit ] The state was ruled by two hereditary kings of the Agiad and the Eurypontid families, both descendants of Heracles and equal in authority so that one could not act against the power and political enactments of his colleague, though the Agiad king received greater honour by virtue of seniority of his family for being the "oldest extant" Herod.
Theophilos from the deme Phegousone of the Proedroi, put this matter to the vote: What did the council of elders do? Whereas Solon had used the criterion of birth for his officials and Cleisthenes had used wealth, Pericles now used merit.
To shirk one's responsibilities was not only rare but reprehensible in the eyes of the Greek citizen. It is important to note that the text and translation given here omit any indication of how the inscription actually looked, and the extent to which modern editors have filled in missing sections; what appears here is considerably cleaned up.
Athens While Sparta developed their control over the Peloponnesus, the city-state of Athens controlled the area of the Attic Peninsula, to the east and northeast of Sparta.
He was a golfer, the first black man to play in the Masters Tournament, he had 8 professional wins.What is a council of elders? SAVE CANCEL a hill to the west of the Athenian acropolis where met the highest governmental council of ancient Athens an ntrolledthe running ofthe city-state.
The discussion and analysis of the City of Athens’s (the City) financial performance provides an overall review of the City’s financial activities for the year ended December 31, 2 The purpose of this discussion and analysis is to look. Sparta, during the Classical period, was a very different city state to Athens.
It was ruled by two kings and a Council of Elders; there was an assembly of citizens, but this did not have the power of the citizen assembly in democratic Athens.
The city-state of Athens is well known for its contributions to Western civilization in terms of philosophy, science, architecture, medicine, and mathematics.
Hardly anyone pays any attention to the contribution of the city-state of Athens for its contributions to Western civilization in terms of urban planning, public administration, food.
Greek city-state of Sparta history. Beliefs and culture of Sparta.
Spartan Constitution and Government, Council of Elders, Assembly and land reform. · Athenian Democracy: the Council · Plot on a Map Athens. The Council of represented the full-time government of Athens. It consisted of citizens, 50 from each of the ten tribes, who served for one year.
The Council could issue decrees on its own, regarding certain matters, but its main function was to prepare the agenda for meetings of the Assembly.Download